Basics - Lesson 1 - Hangul Alphabet System Lesson
The Korean script / alphabet is one of the most special languages in the world, it consists of one essentially special feature that would set it apart from most languages.
In English we generally write from left to right hand side and generate worlds in that order, however in Korean, you would generate worlds in syllable blocks.
A quick example of this would be the word thankyou in Korean komapsumnida which in English would comprise of k-o-m-a-p-s-u-m-n-i-d-a whereas a Korean syllable block would generate ko-map-sum-ni-da. Lets begin to look at the basic Korean vowels and consonants of the Korean alphabet.
Korean Vowels : -
'oo' or 'u'
'yoo' or 'yu'
Korean Consonants : -
'g' or 'k'
'd' or 't'
'r' or 'l'
'b' or 'p'
'g' or 'k'
ㅎ +ㅏ + ㄴ = 한 (han)
ㄱ + ㅜ + ㄱ = 국 (guk)
한국 pronounced HanGuk meaning Korea
In every Korean syllable, there would also be a consistency of having a vowel and a consonant.
In Korean the two vowel symbols ㅏ and ㅗ are called "bright vowels" as they sound sonorous to native Korean speakers. The other vowels derived from them are also called "bright vowels" which are ㅙ, ㅘ, ㅐ. The dark vowels are the opposite and compose of ㅓ, ㅜ. The neutral vowels are ㅣ, ㅡ.
Below as some useful words and phrases for beginners.
Go to our Korean Exercise page here
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